Arthritis is an “umbrella” term informally used to refer to over 100 different forms of joint disorder which share a common chronic inflammatory process, regardless of their very dissimilar causes (etiology). In the U.S alone, it is estimated that at least 10% of its population is in some way or degree affected by this malady.

Common risk factors for OsteoArthritis are: Age, sex, obesity, and a genetic predisposition.

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis and a major cause of pain and disability in older adults and is believed to be a degenerative joint disease.

To quote the NIH: “Osteoarthritis is a joint disease that mostly affects cartilage. Cartilage is the slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones in a joint. Healthy cartilage allows bones to glide over each other. It also helps absorb shock of movement. In osteoarthritis, the top layer of cartilage breaks down and wears away. This allows bones under the cartilage to rub together. The rubbing causes pain, swelling, and loss of motion of the joint. Over time, the joint may lose its normal shape. Also, bone spurs may grow on the edges of the joint. Bits of bone or cartilage can break off and float inside the joint space, which causes more pain and damage.”

Protocoxil can help alleviate pain and discomfort temporarily in older adults by reducing pain and inflammation in affected muscles and joints:


Knee pain is a common complaint that affects people of all ages, it can origin ate in any of the bony structures compromising the knee joint (femur, tibia, fibula), the kneecap (patella), or the ligaments and cartilage (meniscus) of the knee. Knee pain may be the result of an injury, such as a ruptured ligament or torn cartilage; also medical conditions have an influence — including arthritis, gout and infections.

Many types of minor knee pain respond well to self-care measures and home remedies can be helpful unless it becomes severe.



What most people call the shoulder is really several joints that combine with tendons and muscles to allow a wide range of motion in the arm — from scratching your back to throwing the perfect pitch.

Mobility has its price, however. It may lead to increasing problems with instability or impingement of the soft tissue or bony structures in your shoulder, resulting in pain. You may feel pain only when you move your shoulder, or all of the time.

The pain may be temporary or it may continue and require medical diagnosis and treatment.



Elbow discomfort can be caused by many conditions. A common cause in adults is tendinitis. This is inflammation and injury to the tendons, which are soft tissues that attach muscle to bone.

Athletes who play racquet sports are most likely to injure the tendons on the outside of the elbow. This condition is informally known as tennis elbow. Golfers are more likely to injure the tendons on the inside of the elbow. Other causes of elbow tendinitis are gardening, playing baseball, using a screwdriver, or overusing your wrist and arm.



The hand and wrist have multiple small joints that work together to produce motion, including the fine motion needed to thread a needle or tie a shoelace. When the joints are affected by arthritis, activities of daily living can be difficult. Arthritis can occur in many areas of the hand and wrist and can have more than one cause.

Over time, if the arthritis is not treated, the bones that make up the joint can lose their normal shape. This causes more pain and further limits motion. Wear and tear arthritis (osteoarthritis) is a common problem in the wrist. Osteoarthritis itself is either occurring for no obvious reason or is related to a previous injury, a fracture into the joint (intra-articular) or a ligament injury.